Last edited by JoJotaur
Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice found in the catalog.

Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice

Carlos Alberto Primo Braga

Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice

the folly of unfair trade cases

by Carlos Alberto Primo Braga

  • 112 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by World Bank, Country Economics Dept. in Washington, DC (1818 H St., NW, Washington 20433) .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Brazil,
  • Brazil.,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • Frozen concentrated orange juice industry -- Brazil.,
    • Frozen concentrated orange juice industry -- United States.,
    • Dumping (International trade) -- Brazil.,
    • Brazil -- Commercial policy.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementCarlos Alberto Primo Braga and Simão Davi Silber.
      SeriesPolicy, research, and external affairs working papers ;, WPS 687
      ContributionsSilber, Simão Davi.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD9348.5.O722 B7 1991
      The Physical Object
      Pagination46 p. ;
      Number of Pages46
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1777448M
      LC Control Number92133090

        Orange juice is suddenly hot. Frozen concentrate futures have soared 25% in the past month as people looking to boost their vitamin C intake are lifting OJ sales. Several terminal installations around the world are dedicated to receiving and shipping frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) using tankers. The larger Brazilian processors own terminals in Brazil for exporting bulk products and terminals in .   Prices for frozen concentrated orange juice for delivery in January soared 21 percent during the holiday-shortened four-day trading week, settling Friday at $ a pound on the New York Cotton.


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Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice by Carlos Alberto Primo Braga Download PDF EPUB FB2

The United States is materially injured by reason of imports of frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) from Brazil that are allegedly sold at less than fair value (LTFV). Successive frosts have left the domestic FCOJ industry in a vulnerable state.

In addition, Brazilian FCOJ imports have come to play a major role in. Brazilian Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice: A Study on the Folly of UnfaLr Trade Case, Carlos Alberto Primo Braga Simao Davi Silber Brazil has been the world's leading exporter of frozen.

(The acronyms don't help: I kept stumbling over FCOJ for "frozen concentrated orange juice" and NFC OJ, "not from concentrate orange juice.") The story in Squeezed, about an industry that became so successful in deceiving the consumer that it may have killed its own market, is an important contribution to the annals of our everyday food and how Cited by: 7.

Brazil dominates the international market for frozen concentrated orange juice. By the mid s, Brazil accounted for about 80 percent of world exports of the product. Downloadable.

Brazil dominates the international market for frozen concentrated orange juice. By the mid s, Brazil accounted for about 80 percent of world exports of the product.

Brazilian producers supplied more than 94 percent of U.S. imports of the product in the s and accounted for 50 percent of sales in the U.S. market. The dynamism of the Brazilian industry. by reason of subsidized imports of frozen concentrated orange juice from Brazil if the suspension agreement reached between the Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice book of Commerce and the Government of Brazil regarding such merchandise were to be modified or revoked.

Based on recent trends in Brazilian production, exports, and changing. After a series of frosts swept through Florida in the s, devastating orange groves, Brazil met that deficit with its own supply, starting with frozen concentrate orange juice. Then, in Ingredients.

Concentrated Orange Juice. Contains Concentrate from USA, Brazil and Mexico. Directions. To Serve: Mix with 3 cans cold water.

Stir or shake : Shoprite. Frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) production. From the buffer/blending tanks and after clarification, the juice goes to the evaporator.

Within the evaporator circuit, the juice is first pre-heated and held at pasteurization temperature. It then passes through the evaporation stages of the process, where it is concentrated up to 66 °Brix.

OUR COMPANY. Located in the state of São Paulo (Brazil), Sucorrico produces Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice (FCOJ) with excellent quality and orange byproducts like essential oils, aromas, D-limonene and Citrus Pulp Pellets, in the two company units.

Frozen concentrate for home dilution was once the flagship of Florida orange juice. It has given way to ready-to-drink juices and now represents less than 5% of US orange juice retail volumes, measured as diluted juice. It is retail-packaged (typically in ounce composite cans) in Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice book and distributed frozen.

Get this from a library. Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice: the folly of unfair trade cases. [Carlos Alberto Primo Braga; Simão Davi Silber]. Cascadian Farm Organic Lemonade, 12oz Can Frozen Concentrate, Pasteurized, % Juice, Non-GMO. Orange juice can be frozen and sold as frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ), or stored and shipped in bulk to a distant distribution point where dilution, reheating, and packaging occurs.

The aroma of many RFC juices heated or processed, differ from that of freshly squeezed oranges (BRAT et al., ; ARENA et al., ). For the last three months, Brazilian exports of Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice (FCOJ) Equivalent have been increasing.

Between July and September (/20 crop), Brazil shippedtons. Juice destined to be frozen concentrate goes to an evaporation chamber, where heat removes the water; the concentrate is then frozen. Both types of orange juice may be enhanced with oils extracted from peels, and both are tested for Brix (sweetness) and acidity and then blended to suit brand specifications.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, after several weeks of deliberation, has blocked imports of frozen, concentrated orange juice from Brazil, probably for the next 18 months or so, even though the agency says the juice is perfectly safe. The FDA's explanation is that its hands are legally tied.

Product Title Minute Maid Premium Pulp Free Orange Juice Frozen Concentrated 12 fl. Can. Most of the juice, which is used in the production of FCOJ (Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice), goes to the evaporators to reach 66 Degress Brix, removing a part of the water and volatile components.

LONG-TERM SUCCESS OF FROZEN CONCENTRATED ORANGE JUICE CONTRACT Source: CRB-Infotech CD-ROM ICE FUTURES U.S.

FROZEN CONCENTRATED ORANGE JUICE CONTRACT The ICE Futures U.S. FCOJ futures contract is for the physical delivery of USDA frozen concentrate, not less than ° Brix, to an exchange-licensed warehouse in Florida.

Orange juice can be made into frozen concentrate to increase its shelf life and facilitate shipping. Turning juice into concentrate involves extracting the water from fresh orange juice, leaving just orange concentrate.

You can make concentrate at home or buy it in the frozen foods section at the grocery store. Total Brazilian Orange Juice Exports in FCOJ Equivalent to 66° Brix. How to use our data.

In the classification Brazil uses for its exports (NCM, Mercosur Commom Nomenclature), the orange juice is divided in three categories: Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice (FCOJ), Not-From-Concentrate (NFC) and Other juices. Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice: the folly of unfair trade cases (English) Abstract.

Brazil dominates the international market for frozen concentrated orange juice. By the mid s, Brazil accounted for about 80 percent of world exports of the product. Brazilian producers supplied more than 94 percent of U.S. imports of the product. Total frozen concentrate orange juice (FCOJ) production is forecast at mmt, a significant drop relative to the previous year, ( mmt), due to the expected sharp decrease of oranges for crushing.

FCOJ ending ATO/São Paulo projects total Brazilian orange consumption for MY /18 at MBx, an increaseFile Size: KB. The Truth About Orange Juice: Concentrate, Not-From-Concentrate Juices Only 'Minimally' Better Than Soda Feb 7, PM By Lecia Bushak Whether it's not-from-concentrate, concentrate, percent, or all-natural orange juice — it.

Enter frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ). After extraction, pasteurisation and ridding of pulp (which, ironically, we now know to be the most nutritional part), the juice was evaporated under vacuum and heat until the remaining liquid was about 65 per cent : Nick Snelling.

Trading Places is a American comedy film directed by John Landis and starring Dan Aykroyd and Eddie tells the story of an upper-class commodities broker and a homeless street hustler whose lives cross paths when they are unknowingly made part of an elaborate bet.

Ralph Bellamy, Don Ameche, Denholm Elliott, and Jamie Lee Curtis also star. The storyline is Music by: Elmer Bernstein. Last October, for the fourth consecutive month, Brazilian exports of Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice (FCOJ) equivalent increased. This season (July to October/19), Brazil has shippedBrazil was by far the largest orange juice producer in the world, providing almost twice the amount of oranges and orange juice as Florida.

Without the protective U.S. tariff on imported frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ), the Florida processed orange industry would probably either be much smaller than it is or out of Size: 4MB. The commodities giant is laying off 59 of the plant’s 94 workers as its sells the operation that packs frozen concentrated orange juice into cans.

Old Orchard offers premium juice concentrates and specialty craft blends for use in wine, beer, cider and other food and beverage applications. Old Orchard has an on-site Quality Assurance laboratory and operates a state-of-the-art manufacturing facility certified by SQF -- a globally recognized food safety program.

Assume it is January and frozen concentrated orange juice is currently trading at cents/pound (the spot price).An orange farmer expects his crop (1 unit of FCOJ, or 15, pounds) to be ready. The International Trade Commission voted to authorize the Commerce Department to impose anti-dumping duties of % on imports of Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice.

The freeze was followed by more in the late 70s and 80s, which had the combined effect of opening the floodgates to the influx of Brazilian frozen concentrate orange juice (FCOJ) imports which led to the xenophobic Florida Naturals campaign discussed earlier.

As climate scientists Kathleen A. Miller recounts. Brazilian frozen concentrated orange juice: the folly of unfair trade cases (Inglês) Resumo.

Brazil dominates the international market for frozen concentrated orange juice. By the mid s, Brazil accounted for about 80 percent of world exports of the product. Brazilian producers supplied more than 94 percent of U.S.

imports of the product in Cited by: Frozen concentrated orange juice remained the breakfast drink of choice until the mid’s when technology finally got closer to quenching consumer’s thirst for fresh-tasting juice with the Author: Adee Braun.

Orange juice sales in the last 10 to 15 years have seen a major shift from frozen concentrate to ready-to-drink forms. Although we might assume that all orange juice is the same nutritionally, new research shows that ready-to-drink versions contain about 30 percent less of the biologically active form of vitamin C than juice made from frozen concentrate.

Cepea, Novem – Brazilian exports of Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice (FCOJ) Equivalent increased in October for the fourth consecutive month. This season (July to October/19), Brazil has shipped thousand tons of the product to all destinations, 19% more than that exported in the same period last year, according to data from.

(a) Frozen concentrated orange juice is the food prepared by removing water from the juice of mature oranges as provided into which may be added unfermented juice obtained from mature oranges of the species Citrus reticulata, other Citrus reticulata hybrids, or of Citrus aurantium, or both.

However, in the unconcentrated blend, the volume of juice. On June 4,the Department of Commerce published the preliminary results of administrative review of the antidumping duty order on frozen concentrated orange juice from Brazil (66 FR ).

This review covers four manufacturers/exporters of the subject merchandise to. This continuous historical price chart for Orange Juice futures (OJ, ICE Futures) is part of a huge collection of historical charts that covers decades of North America futures / commodity trading.

In addition to continuous charts, the collection includes thousands of single-contract historical price charts that cover individual contract months from years past.

The book starts with the fascinating history of the orange industry in florida; it was not a juice industry until after World War II, when processors finally figured out how to make frozen.Orange Juice Futures Trading. The orange juice market changed overnight when the process for making frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) was invented in Florida in Unlike most commodities, orange juice futures are a relatively modern form of a basic agricultural market.

While most of the emphasis for the orange juice futures trader has been on Florida and its orange .